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A novel lineage of the Capra genus discovered in the Taurus Mountains of Turkey using ancient genomicsuse asterix (*) to get italics
Kevin G. Daly, Benjamin S. Arbuckle, Conor Rossi, Valeria Mattiangeli, Phoebe A. Lawlor, Marjan Mashkour, Eberhard Sauer, Joséphine Lesur, Levent Atici, Cevdet Merih Erek, Daniel G. BradleyPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p>Direkli Cave, located in the Taurus Mountains of southern Turkey, was occupied by Late Epipaleolithic hunters-gatherers for the seasonal hunting and processing of game including large numbers of wild goats. We report genomic data from new and published <em>Capra</em> specimens from Direkli Cave and, supplemented with historic genomes from multiple <em>Capra</em> species, find a novel lineage best represented by a ∼14,000 year old 2.59X genome sequenced from specimen Direkli4. This newly discovered <em>Capra</em> lineage is a sister clade to the Caucasian tur species (<em>Capra cylindricornis</em> and <em>Capra caucasica</em>), both now limited to the Caucasus region. We identify genomic regions introgressed in domestic goats with high affinity to Direkli4, and find that West Eurasian domestic goats in the past, but not those today, appear enriched for Direkli4-specific alleles at a genome-wide level. This forgotten “Taurasian tur” likely survived Late Pleistocene climatic change in a Taurus Mountain refugia and its genomic fate is unknown.</p> should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https:// should fill this box only if you chose 'Scripts were used to obtain or analyze the results'. URL must start with http:// or https://
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Capra, Goat, Ancient DNA, aDNA, Population Genetics, Palaeogenomics, Taurus Mountains
Evolutionary genomics, Population genomics, Vertebrates
Alexander Gavashelishvili, [], Evelyn L. Jensen, [], Christine Grossen, [], Paul Weinberg, [], Peter Heintzman, [], Katerina Guschanski, [], Patrícia Pečnerová, [], David Díez-del-Molino, [], Tom Van Der Valk, [] No need for them to be recommenders of PCI Genomics. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
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2022-04-15 12:05:47
Laura Botigué